Some parents often neglect the eye health of their kids- they believe that children are unlikely to get any kind of vision problem. However, children also suffer from vision problems of some sort, due to different reasons. Or some parents do not know their kids have any eye problems until their kids complain there is something unusual in their eyes.

If there is any symptom in kids’ vision, parents should take them to eye doctors’ immediately. The reason is the problem can not only be detected, but also some potential risks can also be predicted through certain eye exams.

Like people in many other groups, kids also get some eye problems easily. For example, most kids love to play wildly and often have their eyes injured; and some eye problems can also be inborn, like lazy eye. Fortunately, most of kid’s problems can be well resolved. This is because kids have relatively flexible eyes- their eyes are always in the growing and can rebound to their original state after treating.

However, some vision problems can lead to very serious results if not treated timely. Therefore, it is critical for kids to get regular eye exams. This is much more important for kids who are detected to have some eye problems. And it is also needed for parents to be careful about kids’ habits of seeing.

Comparatively speaking, the eye exams for kids are different from that for adult to some extents. This is also why kids are in need of children eye doctors. And during the whole process, only several items will be checked, like the medical history, exam of certain vision errors and so on. Anyway, an early and regular eye exam for kids is essential and critical.

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More and more people are now suffering from vision errors of certain kinds and their daily lives are also affected as a result. And what they have to do is to wear glasses or lenses. However, glasses and lenses can not always work nicely as people have expected, especially they may also bring a lot of inconvenience.

And if there is any problem, resolution for it will arise consequently. Eye surgeries particularly for those with vision problems, but do not want to wear glasses or lenses, are nice alternatives. Of so many popular eye surgeries, lasik surgery is most widely accepted.

Relatively specking, lasik eye surgery can be very expensive not long ago. But as more and more achievements are made in the field, people can now pay less for this surgery, only a small proportion of the past procedure.

On the contrary, eyeglasses and contact lenses in the market are still very expensive in most cases. If so, many people can not resist the glamour of lasik eye surgery- they can not only have 20/20 vision, but also save a lot of money in the long run.

However, one point people should know before getting this surgery that not all people are ideal candidates for this surgery. And what they should do is to receive some eye check. Usually, a thorough eye check is needed before the surgery. The reason why such eye exam is needed is firmly linked to complications or risks in the surgery. Many people can not get this surgery due to their special eye conditions. Or some others may get complications of certain sorts after the surgery. In addition, the eye surgeons will make some cautious and comprehensive analysis, so as to determine which measures to take. This is because different people may be in need of different procedures.

Usually, good eye exam can reduce some more problems that may appear after the surgery. Anyway, eye check is essential and people should place great emphasis on it if they really want to get Lasik surgery.

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Notice of an eye exam

As the eye is one of the most important parts of your body, it is essential for you to keep it in good shape. To determine whether your eyes are in good condition, the best way for you is taking regular exams which can provide you with your eyes condition. For example, if you suffer from diabetes or high blood pressure, you should take regular tests.

Generally, regular exam includes ocular muscle test which can get the information of your surrounding muscles, refraction assessment test and the visual activity test. Such kind of test can provide you with basic information of your eyes. You can figure out whether your vision is normal and whether you should do some special exercises. Your eye doctor will conduct this exam to get some basic information. Snellen’s eye chart which is placed at a distance of 20 feet away can be used for an eye test. If you could not see the letters and numbers on the chart clearly, then you should turn to Tumbling E Chart. HOTV test which puts four characters on the wall and the child should identify the correct letter is the preferred test for children.

Adults need to take compressive exams which include the tests of eye functioning, the extent of coordination of both eyes and the interior and exterior parts of the eyes. From this exam, you also can determine whether you get farsightedness, nearsightedness, depth perception problems or astigmatism. Comprehensive exams are more suitable for young children which can provide the test for symptoms of crossed eyes, determining normal color vision and extent of development of vision skills. You can also check eye-hand-foot coordination.

Before the examinations, you need to take your glasses or contact lenses, health insurance card, prescription and previous eye treatment records. You also should prepare a list of your vision problems, details of family history of health problems and any past surgery. Usually an exam can be taken in regular, but severe eye vision problems should be treated immediately.

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Some details of an eye exam

One of the important elements of medical routine is eye examination, which is quite essential to minimize eye problems possible. Imagining the world of a blind man, everyone should appreciate the wonderful earth through the eyes. Taking good care of the eyes should be an indispensible element of being healthy. Most people do not know about the details of an eye exam, not to mention those who are still unaware of the importance of it. In fact, it is necessary for eye test recipients to know the whole process of an eye exam, including which vision problems will be checked.

In general, the eye structure, potential eye diseases and vision problems are within the scope of eye tests. Opticians can take use of various ways to test a patient’s eyes. Common tools contain various degrees of light, different lenses as well as other more professional devices. Common vision problems can be easily diagnosed, while certain eye diseases only show their implicit signs. A problem detected at the earliest stage is easiest to treat and cure. During an eye test, a patient is always required to provide a brief medical history. In some cases, eye disease history of family members is also needed. The doctor will note all these aspects down for further referral.

In detail, an eye exam contains several aspects. One of them is external examination, during which flashing light will be used to check the cornea, the skin surface and so forth. Another task is to check for visual acuity. As mentioned before, this task involving lenses with different powers is performed to diagnose common vision problems such as myopia and hyperopia.

People of different ages need to receive regular eye exams in different frequencies. For young adults in their 20s or 30s, eye exams in every 7 years are acceptable. But for people older than 40, they are encouraged to take regular eye tests every 2 years. Individuals suffering healthy conditions associated with the eyesight need to be tested more frequently.

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Proper eye care including regular eye checkup is always overlooked by individuals with good eyesight. Those people may have never been to an optometrist. This may be acceptable when they are in their young ages. However, proper eye care during daily life is very necessary, especially for old people. In fact eye, checkups play preventative roles in maintaining good eyesight. Once there is an eye problem, it may already be too late to prevent permanent damage. In serious cases, extreme eye pain and even blindness are possible if early eye problems are not treated.

In fact, individuals at any age need to take regular eye exams. Seeing an eye doctor on a regular basis is considered as an indispensible part of good eye health. But there are still differences between varying groups of people when it comes to eye checkup frequency. For instance, a newborn baby should be checked at birth and again at 6 months old. For children, eye exams are necessary at ages of 3, 6 and 13. These regular checkups are very important because children need good eyesight in their study. Regular eye checkups can detect vision problems and offer remedy to those children. Adults under 40 years old are supposed to receive eye exams every 2 or 3 years. And the old need to have their eyes checked more frequently.

When eye problems are detected or diagnosed during an eye exam, early treatment is needed. Common methods include corrective eyeglasses and contact lenses. Present now, many vision problems in their late stage can be treated by LASIK surgery. In fact, some of these services of vision care are covered by certain vision insurance plans. The overall cost of regular eye exams and vision correction devices can be high. Resorting to vision plans that offer some types of vision benefits is a good choice.

Another critical part of eye care is diet. Healthy eyes need some beneficial nutrients, including vitamins, calcium, folic acid, antioxidants and so on. These substances can help people prevent some eye problems such as cataracts and macular degeneration.

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As the most important organ of people’s body, eyes need to be taken good care of. But some people may not pay close attention to the eyes’ health until the eyesight problem is found in serious state. Just like visiting the dentist, we should also need to visit our eye doctor or do some eye tests at a regular time. In this way, eye problems can be found in time and the treatment for the eye problem will be more effectively. So why should we take the eye test regularly?

In the UK, free eye tests are supplied to the people who are qualified for the requirements raised by the National Health Service (NHS).  Even if someone is not entitled for the free eye test, this test is still worth doing as it will have a good impact on people’s eye health and finding out eye problems in time. And in Scotland, eye test is free for all the people supplied by NHS, so everyone should have eye tests regularly, without any excuse.

The following will illustrate several points that people can be entitled for free eye tests if they are qualified for. In England, at the age of 16, children can enjoy this free eye tests. If they are still in full time education, the entitled age can be extended to 18 years old. And for people aged 60 or more than 60, they are elbowed with the right to enjoy this free eye test. That is because for old people, their vision has been deteriorating quickly. Any eye problem found in time will be a great benefit for his later life.

Free eye tests can also be supplied if you are on certain benefits. Not only you, but also your parents can have this right. For people who are suffering diabetes or glaucoma, they are surely qualified for the requirements of free eye test. Even if you are immediately related to someone who has glaucoma- the child, brother or sister, after you get the age of 40, you can have the eye tests for free. In addition, people and their parents can have free eye test if they have and exemption certificate (HC2)

The policy is so considerable that if eye doctor let you have a pair of glasses, you can also consult in the free eye test to prove if you need it or not. When you need to change for a complex pair of contact lenses, you are entitled for free eye test to test if the contacts are suitable for your eye problem, or if your eye condition is getting deteriorating in order to avoid more damages brought by the new contact lenses.

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Some people only know that there are kinds of eye exams, which will be conducted when they begin to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. However, there are actually particular contact lens exams, which are exclusively for contact lens wearers. Some people consider a routine eye exam and a contact lens exam as the same one. Actually, there are fundamental differences between the two types and this writing focuses on this information. With these differences in mind, it is possible to make a right schedule of eye exam that is truly needed.

A routine eye exam aims at detecting vision problems, eye disease and general eye health issues. Some of these problems can not be realized at an early stage and a routine eye exam can detect early signs. For average people, a routine eye exam every 1 to 3 years is necessary. There are a variety of eye tests that can be used to examine the eyes.

Eye chart test requires the patient to read the eye chart firstly with both eyes uncovered and then one eye covered. An eye chart test is quite basic which only examines brief visual acuity. In a retinoscopy test, the patient will be asked to focus the eyes on a target in a dimmed room. After that, the doctor will shine a light into the patient’s eyes. A general prescription can be achieved through the analysis of the way the light bounces off the eyes.

For exact prescription determination, the doctor will conduct a refraction, which is done with a machine called phoropter. A series of lens with different powers will be placed in front of the patient’s eyes. Based on the response from the patient, the precise level of visual augmentation can be determined. During a slit-lamp examination, a machine will be used to highly magnify all the structures of the eye, in which each part of the eye can be evaluated and potential infection or disease can be found.

For people wearing contact lenses or considering contact, a contact lens exam is needed and should not be confused by a routine eye exam. During a lens exam, the corneal surface will be examined to ensure a proper lens fit. A kerameter can be used to measure the curvatures of the corneal surface. In addition, the pupil and iris will also be evaluated. To get the best type of lens possible, the patient should tell his or her lifestyle and preference to the doctor.


·The beneficial Seniors EyeCare program

·Eye exam intervals and preparation

·Get an exam for cornea before you wear contact lenses


Some people may be diagnosed with refractive errors after an eye exam, which means the eyes can not refract or focus light properly. The eye’s ability to focus light is decisive for one’s vision sharpness. Refractive eyeglasses, contact lenses as well as refractive surgeries can be used to correct a refractive error.

It is commonly known that light rays can be deflected, reflected, bent or absorbed by different objects. Light is essential for vision. Like the way that water or curved lens refracts light rays, certain eye structures such as cornea, crystalline lens, tear film and internal fluids can refract light rays into a precise point of focus, which is critical for sharp vision. The focus point should be centered on the retina, which lines the inside of the eye back. The light-sensitive cells in the eye back capture images and then transmit them through the eye’s optic nerve to the brain for interpretation. In this process, the eye’s pupil is responsible for controlling the amount of light that reaches the retina, by widening or constricting itself.

Both eye length and cornea curvature can affect the eye’s refractive ability. Myopia is always caused by too long eyes, which focus images in front of the retina, and farsightedness is caused by short eyes, which can never focus light on retina in time. Astigmatism is created by aspherical eyes, which bring irregular light refraction. All of these defects are called refractive errors. The new invented wavefront technology is used to detect poor contrast sensitivity caused by another refractive error: higher-order aberrations.

Eyeglasses, contacts with precise curvatures can intercept and refract light rays and provide a more accurate focus point on the retina. Refractive surgeries such as LASIK achieve the same effect by changing the corneal surface.


Danny Perez’s eyes opened wide in surprise as soon as his new glasses were perched on his nose.

“This looks blurry,” said the Townley Elementary fourth-grader as he removed and then replaced them. “But this really looks better.”

The new glasses, as well as eye exams, are part of the Kids Vision for Life program, which kicked off its Tarrant County initiative Tuesday in Everman. Organizers hope to screen 3,000 students in Everman before the end of the year.

The North Texas-based Alcon and Essilor Vision foundations are sponsoring the program, which screened 2,100 children in Dallas County last year and distributed hundreds of pairs of glasses. Local donor partners are being recruited among the business and education communities in the Fort Worth area.

Tuesday’s event was also the debut of the Mobile Vision Van, a combination exam room and lens lab that enables optometrists and lensmakers to screen students for vision problems, order lenses and fit frames, and send children home with new glasses during a single day.

“They are able to do a lot more than we can,” said Misty VanCampen, school nurse at Townley, the district’s newest campus, which opened in August. “At my school last year, we had over 800 students, and I had to personally screen half of them myself.”

VanCampen said the optometrists and other volunteers could check students for more serious degenerative eye diseases as well as common vision problems. Some 70 volunteers from among Alcon’s employees helped with the screenings, and optometrists donated their time.

Alcon Laboratories, a developer and maker of ophthalmic pharmaceuticals and equipment, has its national headquarters in Fort Worth. Essilor of America, an optical lens manufacturer, is based in Dallas.

Students are eligible for free glasses if they lack insurance coverage or have financial need, and the screenings will be conducted in all Everman elementary and intermediate schools three days a week through the end of the year. Organizers plan to extend the program to the Fort Worth school district and other Tarrant school systems.

“I didn’t know I needed glasses,” said Danny, who is 9 and was not shy about addressing the dignitaries earlier during the morning’s program. “Now I can get 100s almost every time.”


There are three types of eye professionals: optometrists, ophthalmologists and opticians, the former two of which are eye doctors.

An eye optician should only take an optician training program or a formal training. They are only licensed to fit and sell kinds of eyewear according to the prescription from an optometrist or an ophthalmologist.

Equivalent to a dentist in educational requirements, an optometrist must get a bachelor degree in science plus a four-year of post graduate training in optometry school. Today, optometrists in the United States are licensed to some clinical rights: vision examination, eyeglasses and contact lenses prescription, low vision care, vision therapy, pre- and post-operative care after a surgery and eye medications prescription. The last one is a recent expansion.

The education and training requirements of an ophthalmologist are similar to an oral surgeon, which add one year of internship and a minimum three years of hospital-based residency in ophthalmology to the requirement of an optometrist. Only an ophthalmologist is entitled to conduct an eye surgery.

If you just need a regular eye exam, it is your personal preference to choose an ophthalmologist or an optometrist. Although many optometrists cover the services including common eye problems and chronic eye diseases, such as dry eyes and glaucoma, only an ophthalmologist can provide complex diseases diagnosis and treatment, as well as eye surgeries. In this case, if you have been diagnosed with an unusual eye problem such as macular degeneration and cataracts, you’d better go to an ophthalmologist for professional treatment. Another common operation is co-management. If the patient’s problem is beyond his ability, an optometrist may refer to an ophthalmologist for medical treatment or a surgery, and then the patient is returned to the optometrist for further monitor and treatment.

Vision or health insurance is also an influential factor in choosing an optometrist or ophthalmologist, since they may be authorized eye care providers covered by the vision benefits. You can call the doctor’s office or find their information on the insurance company’s website. You should also be clear that whether you need to submit the insurance claim to the company after receiving eye care from the doctor, as well as the copayment issue. For old people, Medicare may also help in reducing eye care expense, although it does not cover routine eye exams. Under some situations such as insurance coverage and pre-existing eye problems, part of or entire eye exams may be covered.

The cooperation between your doctor and other medical and surgical specialists are also important, in case of some complex conditions. Your friends and colleagues may provide helpful recommendation in doctor selection.

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